Botanical aspects of the cannabis science.
The primary crucial factor of growing outdoor cannabis is the climate of the area in which seeds (or seedlings) will be planted. Even though marijuana is not a whimsical species, the extreme conditions of cultivation can lead to a disastrous result. For instance, neverending temperatures of around +30°С (86°F) almost always impede the growth of cannabis plants. The same goes for constant harsh weather conditions of about +10°С (50°F). Constant rains and strong winds adversely affect absolutely any kind of marijuana. High humidity either completely destroys the plants or causes mold, which is almost equal to the death of the plant or its partial damage.
Notwithstanding, outdoor cultivation is a method that has not lost its relevance for millennia… as, all things being equal, planting weed outdoors brings a better and easier harvest than a grow room.
A 2019 research of cannabis production practices in California revealed that the most common ways to farm legally were all outdoors (41%) and combined outdoor and greenhouse (25%).
Today, this method has become especially popular, since the number of countries where you can do it legally is increasing every year. More and more residents of Canada, the USA, Uruguay and Spain want to know how to grow weed employing the benefits of outdoor cultivation. It’s not rocket science, and our article will prove it. We invite you to get acquainted with this excellent guide to growing marijuana outdoors for beginners. This article features all the highlights of this fascinating activity.
Cons and Pros of Planting Weed Outdoors
Let’s begin with the cons of the method.
- When cannabis plants are located in an open area, they are surrounded by many negative factors that can affect their life and development.
- The plantation can be discovered by people or insects. The former may steal the crop, and the latter may eat it.
- Outdoor cannabis is not immune to the influence of adverse climatic factors. Hail, heavy rains, a cold snap, or a hurricane — all this can harm even the most hardy cannabis strain.
Well, now about the pros.
- Doing it outdoors is cheaper, easier and more profitable than indoors. Especially, when it comes to autoflowers. When cultivating outdoors, the grower does not need to spend money on equipment. Nature will give the plants everything they need;
- It is not necessary to control the microclimate and constantly adjust pH, temperature. There is always a lot of space and soil on the street, and therefore plants can fully realize their potential;
- The right nutrients, lighting, and watering help cannabis grow much taller outside. The large size implies abundant harvests;
- You can have a higher number of plants;
- You can do it in the wild. Which is much safer, if weed is illegal in your area.
Choosing Cannabis Strains for Outdoor Growing
The two main points here are:
- If you cultivate weed in a humid region, choose mold-resistant strains.
- If you cultivate weed in a cold region, choose strains with a short flowering time.
For outdoor cannabis cultivation in a moderate climate, it is worth choosing robust strains that will have time to ripen before the cold season sets in. Keep in mind, photoperiods begin to flower around the beginning of August. Count the time to the harvest from that moment. If it’s bound to happen within the range of warm days, then the strain meets your needs. If the buds ripen later, it is best not to take risks and choose a different strain.
But, things are much simpler when it comes to autoflowering cultivars. The duration of their life cycle is shorter, a lot of autos will be ready to harvest in no later than 10 weeks (2.3 months) from germination.
Cannabis Strains for Outdoor Growing in Cold Weather
For the residents of northerly temperate climatic zones with short warm summers and long cold winters, autoflowering cannabis strains fit best. They start to flower before it gets too cold. Also, Ruderalis genes make them more resistant.
The AK-47 autoflowering cannabis strain is just that. It has strong immunity against fungi, pests, and other damaging factors. Its fast life cycle lasts 7-9 weeks with a height not exceeding 140cm (4.6ft). Each plant is able to yield up to 5.3 ounces. The buds are endowed with a citrus aroma diluted with the notes of meadow herbs and lavender. The THC level can reach 20%, which provides the complete relaxation of the body.
Cannabis Strains for Outdoor Growing in Warmer Climates
In a temperate climatic zone, it is better to choose a proven photoperiod strain that can yield a rich harvest. You should bet on Indica or Indica-dominant hybrids, because, as you might know, this type of cannabis is more resistant to the vagaries of nature. The cannabis strain Granddaddy Purple is an excellent example of Indica able to grow well in temperate latitudes. It flowers in 8-10 weeks yielding a decent harvest. The buds smell like sweet grapes and contain an 18-24% THC level providing a deep relaxation effect typical of Indica.
Those lucky ones who reside in a tropical, subtropical, or Mediterranean climatic zone can safely choose Indica- and Sativa-dominant strains. An excellent option for the Pacific Coast from California up to Washington will be Sativa-dominant Amnesia Haze, the flowering period of which lasts 8-10 weeks. Even a first-timer can easily grow it. The plant is able to give the grower up to 25oz per plant; the THC level is around 21%.
Cultivating weed in a hot desert climate you must give Sour Diesel a try. This strain is a Sativa-leaning hybrid with relaxation effects. These plants need a lot of sunlight and low humidity. In the northern hemisphere, you can expect it to yield a great number of flowers (25 ounces per plant) by November.
Indica or Sativa for Outdoor Growing
All in all, Indica is good for an outdoor grow in a climate where summer turns into fall quickly. This type of weed is more adapted to temperature extremes and requires less time for flowering. Indica-dominant strains are often preferred by growers who want to hide their harvest, as the height of Indica is shorter than that of Sativa.
Sativa can be preferred if you don’t need to hide your grow site and if summers in your location are long enough. If you live in the northern hemisphere and the weather in October is as warm as the weather in August, then you can safely choose strains with dominant Sativa genes. Sativa is taller, less stable and flowers longer, but pleases its owner with impressive yields and an invigorating effect.
As a rule, the purer Sativa, the longer its life cycle. Its flowering period is oftentimes longer than 13 weeks starting around the time of the equinox. Therefore, pure Sativa can be planted outdoors only in very warm areas.
Choosing Where to Plant
Before knowing how to grow weed plants outdoors, you have to know how to choose the place for planting. There are several universal criteria that a proper outdoor planting site must meet, it does not matter whether it in the wild or in your backyard:
- Growing or possessing marijuana is not a crime in your location. Or at least not a serious crime;
- Buying the seeds of hardy strains bred for outdoor conditions.
- Decent air circulation to prevent heat stress and mold;
- Marijuana must be given at least 8 hours of direct sunlight a day. This means that the site should have as little shadow as possible;
- The site should not look like a swamp during rain. Make sure moisture does not accumulate there, otherwise the rotting of the roots is inevitable. Ideally, it should be located on a hill or slope, but not in a lowland;
- The fence should be taller than the plants;
- The grow site must be hidden from thieves. Stealing marijuana plants is pretty common;
- Consider the smell. The neighbors should reside far enough from the aroma of your weed.
If the site is not in your backyard, then these recommendations apply too:
- There should be no roads or trails nearby. The likelihood that someone will wander into the “garden” should be minimized;
- Always use different routes to the grow site, so as not to attract too much attention and not trample paths;
- Having a pond would be great for watering cannabis during periods of drought, it will be more convenient and safer to take water right from there than to bring gallons from far away;
- The soil must be fertile. If nettle or raspberry bushes grow there, then it’s the right place, as they need the same nutrients and pH as cannabis;
- You should always have a legend ready, in case you meet random passers-by. It is best to pretend to be a fisherman or a mushroom picker.
You must take a responsible approach to choosing a place for growing outdoor cannabis, since not only the future of the harvest depends on it, but also your and its safety.
How to Prepare Grow Site for Outdoor Weed Cultivation
When cultivating in open ground, a proper soil preparation is a factor that significantly affects the final result. This topic is especially relevant if the soil is not rich in nutrients.
You can use compost manure or fish.
If you choose manure, then work around 2 inches of it into the soil 1 month before planting. Doing it in the fall will also work well.
If you choose fish, then bury frozen or fresh fish at the grow site in the fall. The fish will completely decompose by spring turning into nutrients necessary for marijuana. This is probably the best way to grow weed outdoors.
About a month before planting, the topsoil should be mixed with manure, bones, or blood meal; by the time of planting, these mixtures will have saturated the soil with necessary elements.
You may want to add some fertilizer at the flowering stage when the plants need the largest amount of nutrients.
If you need to prepare a grow site immediately before planting, then the best option is to use a purchased soil mixture. Pour it into pre-dug holes about a meter (3ft) deep.
If you cultivate weed outside in pots, then a typical cannabis fertilizer bought in a store will do.
Growing Marijuana Outdoors in Pots
Growing marijuana outdoors in pots usually doesn’t make the yields less significant than those obtained from plants sown directly into the ground.
You might want to choose pots if the grow site’s soil is deficient and doesn’t fit for direct planting. In this case, growers dig up holes and fill them with fertile soil. The result will be the same as with planting in pots, but the advantage of this method is that your plants can’t be stolen as easily.
When to Plant Marijuana Outdoors
The outdoor marijuana growing season in the northern hemisphere begins in mid or late April. You can start planting marijuana seeds outdoors when the lowest night temperature reaches 10°C (50°F). However, as a rule, experienced growers prefer to wait a bit and begin planting when the temperature is around 15°C (60°F). This raises the likelihood of germination.
When it comes to planting cannabis seedlings or plants that are at the stage of vegetation, then nighttime temperature should not drop below 15°C (60°F). Also, it is recommended that you train them a little before planting in open ground. For this, the pots should be sometimes exposed to open air so that the plants adapt to temperature extremes.
How to Care for Marijuana Outdoors
Almost all caring for cannabis plants outdoors are taken by nature. All that is required from the grower is:
- Fertilizing at the flowering stage for a plentiful high-quality yield;
- Checking for mold, pests, or the signs of a disease.
Defoliation at the flowering stage will improve air circulation. This will help to remove excess moisture, and to allow the buds to receive more sunlight, which will positively affect the yield.
Do not forget to prune the plant to keep the manageable length of the branches.
Watering Marijuana in Dry Climate
Growing weed outdoors demands for abundant watering, especially on hot summer days. During those days, the plants on average can drink up to 30 liters of water daily.
To ensure less water leaving the upper layers deep into the ground, experienced growers put stones and a clay substrate at the bottom of the holes when planting seeds or seedling. When grown in very hot climates, this method is great. It’s also a good trick to create holes around the trunk of the plant so that rainwater flows to the roots. In recent years, growers have also practiced enriching the soil with polymer crystals, which retain moisture in the root system.
Watering Marijuana in Humid Climate
If the area in which marijuana growth will take place is rather rainy, and the soil is marshy, it is important to take measures to avoid rotting the root system. Since hemp roots are very susceptible to fungi and mold, they cannot be transfused and kept in moisture. To do this, you need to create special beds in the form of hills so that all the water goes down, and the plants remain higher. Also, adding gravel, pebbles, and perlite to the soil is a good method.
Effects of Daytime Length on Marijuana
The shortening of daytime makes photoperiod (non-autoflowering) cannabis go into the flowering stage. That’s why planting should take place in spring when the daytime is longer. Overall, the length of the day and night in the area where marijuana cultivation takes place is not a key factor. The main thing is temperature. If it is higher than 10°C (50°F) in April (in the northern hemisphere), then your location is well suited for most outdoor strains.
Outdoor Diseases and Their Prevention
The best way to avoid problems with insects and diseases is their prevention. Every other day inspect the plants for diseases. The sooner you find a problem, the easier it will be to fix it. In case of infection, you should immediately start treatment, otherwise, you can lose all your plants. Cannabis diseases vary widely. Insects, mold, fungi, viruses, under- or overwatering, under- or overheating – all of them can cause certain symptoms.
Diseases that most often affect weed growing outdoors are divided into fungal, bacterial, and viral:
- Fungal diseases are the most common type of cannabis disease, 80% of all cases. Their occurrence is associated with the penetration of fungal spores into the structure of plant tissues through epidermal cells, through wounds caused by mechanical damage. The spread of fungi is carried out in various ways, insects, animals, wind or contaminated soil can spread spores.
- Bacterial diseases. They can look like root rot, spots or bumps.
- Viral ones are transmitted through insects or garden tools with contaminated juice of infected plants.
The reasons for their emergence are the following:
- High humidity in combination with low temperature;
- The presence of infection in soil;
- Insufficient lighting;
- Infected plants nearby;
- Transmission by insects or garden tools;
- Mechanical damage (scraping, scratching, etc.) allowing a pathogen to enter the plant.
Preventing Cannabis Diseases
- To protect against insects, it is better to use organic pesticides. One of the proven remedies is neem oil, whose smell repels all the most common insects. Using non-organic remedies is best avoided, since synthetic substances are able to worsen the taste and aroma qualities of the end product;
- When humidity is high, reduce watering;
- Tilling the upper layer of soil prevents moisture accumulation;
- Phosphorus and potassium will be especially useful.
- Remove infected parts of the plant.
The most common outdoor marijuana diseases are:
- Downy mildew. Occurs when leaves stay wet for too long;
- Powdery mildew;
- Gray mold blight. The disease mainly affects buds.
All of them are caused by various species of fungi.
Harvesting Weed Outdoors
Harvest time in the northern hemisphere always takes place in September, October or November. Depending on the region, the weather at this time becomes less predictable. Rains begin, which greatly increases the likelihood of mold, which can destroy the entire crop. In the last weeks of flowering, it is better not to water the plants at all unless they are very thirsty. After rains, it is also recommended to shake off excess moisture from the buds so that it does not accumulate in them. If the forecast calls for a stable cooling or prolonged precipitation, then harvesting should begin earlier. Better it doesn’t ripen a bit than it won’t be at all.
If you cultivate your weed in the wild, reap the harvest in the early morning, when the likelihood of meeting someone is the lowest. The container that is used to carry the harvest must be air-tight. Otherwise, random passers-by can feel the aroma.
That’s all the information you need to know how to grow marijuana outdoors, follow these simple rules, and your plants will bring you extremely positive emotions.
Growing autoflowers is becoming more popular than ever. These strains are steadily crowding out photoperiod cultivars from stores and grow rooms, and with some good reasons:
- Robustness and strong immunity;
- No dependence on the length of light hours. Buds will appear as a result of plant age;
- Modern auto strains can reach THC levels of up to 30%;. Though, on average, their THC levels are lower due to Ruderalis genes;
- A compact size in the range of 40-160cm (16-63in).
Are autoflowers worth growing? Well, they are the best choice for first-timers, as they tolerate and neglect standard mistakes of beginners:
- Power outages
- Over- or underwatering;
- Poorly prepared place for cultivation;
- Constant trimming to taste the buds;
- Inadequate or incorrect lighting.
Having listed the main advantages, now we can move on to the direct instructions on how to grow auto cannabis plants.
Favorable Conditions for Autoflowers
Wherever you grow an auto you will need to follow a few simple rules for its healthy growth and development:
- The temperature regime should stay the range between +18C (64F) and +28C (82F). The most favorable temperature for auto cannabis is +24C (75F);
- The light mode throughout the entire life cycle must be set to 18/6h or 20/4h. Only in rare cases when the flowering period is delayed, it is allowed to set the mode to 12/12h;
- An outdoor plant will require at least 8 hours of direct sunlight a day. Indoors, for one plant you will need a DNaT or LED lamp with a minimum power of 250 or 150 W, respectively. Based on one m2 of cultivation area, a DNaT lamp for 400 W or a LED for 250 W will be required;
- Humidity should be in the range of 40-60%. At the flowering stage, it should be reduced to 45-55% in order to exclude the likelihood of mold;
- Watering only with filtered or bottled water as the soil dries. The easiest way to determine the need for watering is to immerse a finger in the soil to a depth of 2-3 cm. If it is dry, then your autoflower needs water;
- The main nutrients for cannabis are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. At the vegetation stage, nitrogen should be given priority; during flowering, phosphorus becomes the main ingredient. The easiest way to ensure proper nutrition is to buy fertilizer. It is also worth considering that if you bought a high-quality nutritious soil mixture, then you can grow one plant with no top dressing;
- Soil pH should be at the level of 5.5-6.5;
- The conductivity index of the soil (EU) should be at the level of 0.75-2.0;
- Also, do not forget about the constant circulation of air in an enclosed space. Use a fan for this. One should blow air in at the upper part of the grow box, the second one should blow air out at the bottom of the structure.
How to Grow Autoflowering Weed Indoors
Many pot consumers want to know how to grow autoflowering weed indoors due to the simplicity of such undertaking and high THC levels in modern auto strains. However, you must be aware that the cultivation of truly high-quality marijuana is a costly business requiring responsibility and knowledge. The grower here substitutes Mother Nature.
Cannabis as Houseplant
The reports of growing autoflowers in soil at home on the balcony as a mere houseplant are becoming increasingly common, but here we must understand that the quality and quantity of the yield will barely meet contemporary standards. The advantage of this method is a low budget, the lion’s share of which will be spent on the seeds of autoflower strains. Among the shortcomings, it is worth noting the smell; no matter how non-smelling a particular variety is, you will not escape its aroma. The specific aroma will be noticeable even with good air ventilation.
Grow Box for Autos
The other, more rational way to grow marijuana, including autoflowering strains, is cultivation in a grow box. The concept of grow-boxing is extensive, it includes both home-made, cardboard boxes equipped with bare essentials, and solid ones, equipped with the latest technology. In this article, we will skip a detailed list of accurate, professional equipment, and list the essentials.
Building Simple Grow Box
To build a simple grow box, you can use an old cabinet or chipboard plates. The recommended height is 120cm (50in). Cover the interior with Penofol or paint it white, this procedure will reduce the loss of light and ensure uniform distribution of lighting. Try to avoid using aluminum foil as a reflective material.
Proper ventilation in the grow box is an important component when growing marijuana. Therefore, we cut out 2 holes in it, for the inflow and outflow of air. Constant air ventilation has a beneficial effect on the healthy development of marijuana plants. In the future, it is better to install a fan with a carbon filter to combat odor.
This is quite enough for its root system to have enough free space for full development, which will allow the aboveground part to fully realize its growth potential. However, it is worth remembering that the grow box is an enclosed space with limited dimensions. And if, for example, its height is 120cm (50in), then a bush larger than this height will not fit in it. Therefore, if you choose a cannabis variety whose maximum or average height exceeds the size of the grow box, then its development should be limited to a small pot volume. Thankfully, most auto cultivars are rather compact; lower than 120cm (50in).
How to Get Rid of Autoflowering Marijuana Odor
Special anti-odor gels or sprays can help combat the strong aroma of autoflowering marijuana. Unlike ordinary air fresheners, they do not mask the smell but destroy its molecules. Their active substances are usually harmless to nature, plants, people, and animals. The gel containers are placed in the immediate vicinity of your autoflowers to constantly mask the smell.
The other option is a fan with a carbon filter.
Pots and Transplanting of Autoflowers
The general rule of thumb is “plant your cannabis in a small pot, transplant it to a big one”. But, if you don’t know how to grow autoflowers, there is a risk of stressing the plant.
What pots should I choose for an autoflowering plant?
If you are a beginner, who’s going to cultivate big-sized indoor autoflowers with no hassle, then choose 10-15L pots for the whole lifecycle of your plants.
Why should I transplant my cannabis plants?
The initial growing of a typical photoperiod cannabis plant should take place in a small pot in order to strengthen the root system. The root system of marijuana is of the rod type. In a small pot, the roots begin to grow to the side when they reach the bottom. At the early stage of weed development, this leads to a stronger upper part of the plant, a more uniform and dense root mass that can absorb more nutrients, at some point the plant will slow down and stop growing because of the lack of free space for its roots. But, if the plant is transplanted in time, then a uniformly developed and dense root system will positively affect the growth rate and productivity of the plant.
Moreover, in a large volume of soil, it will be quite difficult for the grower to maintain optimal moisture. In those spots where roots are present, the soil will lose moisture much faster than in spots where they are absent. As a result, moisture will stagnate. This is very likely to lead to mold or fungi that will affect the root system.
Gradual cannabis transplantation when grown into larger pots not only contributes to an increase in yield but also lowers the risk of a plant disease.
How do I transplant my autoflower plant?
Auto-flowering cannabis strains are hard to transplant. Due to the short life cycle and the automatic transition to the flowering stage, regardless of the degree of development of the plant, it will lose valuable time (about 7 days). Your autoflower will begin to flower fragile and not reach its maximum size, which will negatively affect its productivity. Repotting should be painless, so if you decide to transplant your autoflowering plants, this is how to do it:
- Transplant the plants into the same grow medium;
- If the medium is soil, make sure it’s dry in the old pot (before transplanting), and moist in the new one;
- Make sure the process is completed during the daytime light cycle;
- Make sure the stem is not deeper in the ground than before.
If you grow your autoflowers outdoors, germinate the seeds indoors. Sprouting an autoflower and planting it outdoors without shocking is a daunting task, so growers often use mineral cubes and peat tablets for this.
Choosing Light Mode for Autoflowers
The most universal light cycle for autoflowering marijuana is 18/6h. This mode can be used throughout the entire life cycle of the plant. The Cannabis Ruderalis (the basis of autoflower strains) originates from a place where the summer daytime lasts approximately 18 hours. For the remaining 6 hours the air significantly cools down; during this time hemp takes a break from the heat and processes energy into glucose.
20/4 light mode
20/4h mode is used for autoflowers during the vegetative stage so that it can end sooner. This mode can be used for any autoflower, which will provide a guaranteed increase in yield. But, this method has a drawback — a cost increase.
The dark hours should be really dark. Make sure there is no light at all at this stage.
24/0 light mode
24/0h is considered an experimental and extreme method that can only be used for certain autoflowers. Many experienced growers do not approve of this method since they believe that any plant needs the dark period for proper development, as, without darkness, photosynthesis cannot occur correctly.
24/6 light mode
There are other light mode methods, such as 24/6h, but its effectiveness is still in question. If you are just starting to take the first steps in cannabis cultivation, it would be more reasonable to draw upon classical schemes.
Lamps for Autoflowers
When choosing the lamp, opt for NS1 and AP673L LEDs, the light spectrum produced by them helps to increase the cannabinoid content. It is believed that during the vegetation period marijuana needs more blue spectrum, while orange light should prevail during flowering.
That’s basically it. All this information is enough to understand the basics of indoor autoflower cultivation and to make a couple of the first attempts.
Nutrients and Medium to Grow Autoflower Cannabis
Growing autoflowers indoors in soil is a quite popular option. The classic soil mix with the addition of perlite, vermiculite, and drainage is the best growing medium if you are a beginner. Soil works as a buffer and helps to survive mistakes during feeding, as the porous structure of pots provides the flow of oxygen by the roots and is easily washed in case of overdose or deviation from the correct pH level of 5.6 – 6.6. Hydroponics does not forgive mistakes and entails additional costs in the form of a pH meter, etc. It’s worth switching to it when you already have some experience.
To start, just buy a soil mix that has an autoflower-friendly pH level of 5.5-6.5 and high aeration indicators. As for nutrient saturation, this data is indicated on the packaging as N (Nitrogen), P (Phosphorus), and K (Potassium) mg / L. Professional growers recommend choosing a mixture where all the indicators are close to 400. Well, if not all, then at least phosphorus, since it is the key chemical element in the formation of inflorescences. Also, when choosing a substrate, you can pay attention to the presence of minor nutrients, among which are calcium, magnesium, sulfur, and iron.
Using fertilizers for autoflowering weed is easy, manufacturers indicate the dosage for each stage of growth.
How to Grow Autoflower Cannabis Outdoors
Cultivating cannabis outdoors is easy, but when it comes to autos, everything gets even easier.
Select a strain, buy the seeds, and germinate them 1-2 weeks before planting — for those living in a moderate climate of the northern hemisphere, it is better to plant autoflowers outdoors in early May or late April. Carefully monitor how the plant takes root in the new place, water it during drought, periodically check it for diseases and parasites, fertilize the soil according to the stage. You can skip the fertilization part, though. The plants can be harvested in about three months from germination. A “plant and forget” method is basically how to grow autos outdoors.
In conclusion, we recommend choosing weed varieties based on the feedback of our customers, so the probability of choosing a high-quality, time-proven autoflowering strain will be the highest. And do not forget to leave your review later to help other gardeners choose!
Selecting the strain should be taken seriously; do not chase the latest developments of breeders. There is a large number of time-tested robust autoflowers.
We would like to note that autoflowering cannabis is a type of weed with a strong desire for life. All that is required from the grower is to provide the minimum conditions for its healthy growth and development. If you decide to grow an autoflower, then you can find the finest auto cannabis seeds on our website.
Hydroponic pot is cannabis grown without soil. Hydroponics is a soilless method of growing marijuana, where nutrients dissolved in water are used as the main medium. Cannabis plants are placed in mesh pots or trays filled with an inert porous aerated substrate placed above a reservoir with the nutrient medium. Air compressors or sprinklers are used to aerate the hydroponic solution. This basic model is implemented in many versions with different growers preferring different systems. Hydroponics has many advantages, and it will be covered in detail in this article.
Unlike growth in soil or soil mixtures, the plant does not have to waste energy on finding water and nutrition.
This technique allows marijuana growers to effectively control the consumption of all nutrients by sprouts. Growing pot with hydroponics at home helps to get yields as soon as possible, your seedlings will demonstrate a more active pace of development, since they receive the necessary substances to the maximum.
The simplest pot hydroponic system consists of external and internal containers: the latter is needed to be filled with a soilless substrate, in which seedlings will grow, and the external one is a container for the nutrient mixture. The roots of the seedlings growing through the substrate fall into a nutrient medium consisting of water and fertilizers present in it.
Cultivating marijuana this way can minimize three things: costs, care needed for seedlings, and the participation of the grower in this process. Moreover, with no soil, the likelihood of a phytoinfection is close to zero.
The cultivation of marijuana with this medium completely spares the grower from improper watering or lack of nutrients. Pot hydroponics allows the seedlings to obtain the necessary moisture and nutrients in the volume they need.
What Should Hydroponic Pots Be Like?
The hydroponic marijuana plant involves the use of special pots consisting of two containers located one inside the other. The outer container should not let water through, but the inner container has slots or openings that allow the roots to interact with the nutrient mixture. Also, the outer container must be opaque. Both containers must be made of materials that are chemically inert and will not interact with the nutrient mixture.
How Long Does Pot Grow with Hydroponics
The hydroponic cultivation method reduces ripening time and increases yields. It is widely used in the Netherlands as the electricity expenditure can be lowered by 30% due to a shorter growing cycle.
If you talk to growers who have hydroponic growing experience, the first thing they will probably tell you is that their bushes grow much faster than those grown in soil. So, the main advantage of pot hydroponics is the life cycle reduced by 30-50%. The main reason is that the nutrients in a hydroponic system are much more accessible to the plants. The nutrients are dissolved in water and enter directly into the root system since there is no soil to hold them. The roots do not need to break through the soil in order to receive nutrition and moisture. The stored energy is directed to the growth of the green part of the plant including flowers.
History of Hydroponics
It may seem that hydroponics is a fruit of modern advanced technologies, but this is rather untrue. In fact, baseless cultivation was used by mankind hundreds of years ago. The famous hanging gardens of Babylon created 600 years before the new era can be considered the first known application of the principles of hydroponics.
In the 10-11th century, on the other side of the Earth, the Aztecs used hydroponics. Having settled on Lake Tenochtitlan, they built rafts covered with a thin layer of soil. The roots sprouted through the soil and the reed raft into the water of the lake, receiving necessary nutrients from it. According to modern terminology, this method of growing is called the “floating platform” method.
Pros and Cons of Growing Pot with Hydroponic Medium
The nutrient solution is a balanced mixture of substances. It is worth noting that different elements are required at different stages of growth.
Pros of Growing Hydroponic Pot
If you grow hydroponic pot at home, you will find some clear advantages over traditional methods. The main one is bigger yields and a shorter life cycle. Plants completely absorb substances, which is not the case when you use soil; there have been several examples of blocking elements by soil. Clones inherit the viability of the mother plant.
The entire growth potential is directed to the development of its upper part, which positively affects the growth rate of hemp in hydroponics. It ripens faster, larger, and brings more yield.
Skilled growers choose the hydroponic method in combination with high yield weed seeds.
Cons of Growing Hydroponic Pot
Hydroponic-made buds have fewer terpenes, and therefore the aroma is less intense. Other than that, constant monitoring is required; if your pot is left to its own devices, it will wilt. The hydroponic media requires a more conscious approach to growing, it will require remarkable attention and control. A small overdose or insufficient amount of the required elements will have a detrimental effect in no time at all.
Experienced breeders and participants in cannabis competitions grow pot exclusively in soil. As a rule, such weed is tastier.
The high cost of technology, the need for a pH meter, TDS meter, special fertilizers are cons too.
Hydroponics helps to save resources and time, to get more weed in a short time. Though, at the same time, it requires more attention and understanding of the essence of marijuana cultivation. Hydroponics accelerates metabolism and is designed to produce a genetic maximum. Below you’ll find out how to grow hydroponic pot at home.
When cannabis cultivation is carried out hydroponically, experts advise paying attention to the choice of soil substitute. For this, vermiculite, expanded clay, gravel, perlite, peat, coir, coarse sand, or moss can be used. The huge plus of soilless substrates is the amazing simplicity of their disinfection, as well as the fact that they do not interfere with aeration of the roots and do not react with salts present in the water.
Growing cannabis at home in hydroponics will require a mixture containing the right amount of macro- and micronutrients for your pot. It is very important that the concentration is in accordance with consumption standards with a timely switch to flowering nutrients once your plant goes into flower. For the nutrition of seedlings, it is better to use weakly concentrated solutions, because their increased content can cause the roots to receive chemical burns, which will lead to the death of the sprouts.
Often, an increase in the concentration of fertilizers can be observed even in a solution that is prepared correctly. This is due to the fact that plants more actively absorb water, and much more slowly, substances dissolved in it. In addition, part of the water evaporates, which also increases the concentration of the solution. When cultivating this method, it should be borne in mind that in summer there is more intense evaporation of water than in winter.
Photoperiod and Auto Cannabis Hydroponics
Autoflowering cannabis strains do pretty well in hydroponics, they even can grow bigger. The cultivation of autoflowering pot varieties using hydroponics is practically no different from the cultivation of photoperiod strains. The difference lies in providing certain light modes.
What Solution Is Needed for Hydroponic Pot?
Weed nutrient solution in hydroponics should contain all the nutrients necessary for a healthy plant life. The main components for the nutrient substrate: nitrogen (N), sulfur (S), phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and potassium (K), as well as trace elements: boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn) and chlorine (Cl).
Making this solution yourself is quite simple. Modern fertilizer manufacturers have taken care of this. Buying special fertilizers for hydroponics is going to be enough, it will contain the aforementioned nutrients and trace elements as needed. Special concentrates diluted in water are the best. The proportions of creating a solution for growing pot in a hydroponic system will be indicated in the instructions that come with the concentrates.
Another important thing in creating a solution for the cultivation of pot with hydroponics is the indicator of acidity (pH) and electrical conductivity (EC). With the help of pH, the available amount of ions of the elements that cannabis needs for healthy growth is controlled. Good weed growth in a hydroponic solution will be achieved at a pH of 5.5-6.5. The ideal value of this indicator is in the range of 5.8-6.0. Fluctuations in pH by 0.5 will not cause problems. Since the nutrients in the solution are more accessible to the plant than in the soil, they are absorbed faster. Therefore, monitoring the pH level is carried out once or twice a day, so that it keeps being correct.
An EC solution indicator will help to keep the right concentration of nutrients (salts). This value also always needs to be maintained at a stable level so that the plant does not suffer from an overabundance of substances. The change of the EC level is affected by the rate of absorption of nutrients by roots and evaporation of water. The units of measurement used in this indicator are called millisimps per centimeter (mS/cm). Its best value of mS/cm is in the range from 0.75 to 1.3 for seedlings, 1.5 during vegetation, and 1.8 during flowering; the maximum allowed number should not exceed 3.0.
The Subtleties of Pot Seed Germination for Hydroponics at Home
If germination of pot seeds occurs before they are moved to hydroponics, it is necessary that the sprouts get 5-7 cm tall. Transplantation to hydroponics should be carried out only after that. The young cannabis plants must be carefully removed from the soil so that the root system is not damaged. Then, the soil remaining on the roots must be washed off with water at room temperature so that the plants are not stressed. Now they are ready for transplantation into the hydroponic substrate. After the transplantation, you can immediately add the first portion of the nutrient solution.
In the case of seed germination in a hydroponic media, it is best to use coconut fiber (coir), an organic highly inert substrate. It best retains the nutrients, moisture, and trace elements that the sprout needs in the early days of life. Its antifungal properties can also be of help. Begin adding the nutrient solution when the sprouts get 5-7 cm tall.
Tips and Tricks from Experienced Growers on Growing Pot in Hydroponic System
- If a sprout planted in a hydroponic system begins to stretch, then you need to add the substrate to fix it and increase lighting so that the sprout does not have to reach for the light.
- The temperature of the solution should not rise above +21C (70F) or cool below +16C (61F). In the first case, the oxygen content will decrease and rot will form on the roots, in the second case, the plant will undergo stress;
- The pH level should be set in keeping with the recommendations for your weed’s strain;
- To enrich the solution with oxygen, it is better to use an air pump;
- The leaves should be periodically cleaned with water so that they stay clean and the photosynthesis process goes better;
- Humidity should be between 40 and 60%;
- The solution tank must always be closed to prevent mold inside;
- Air temperature should not exceed +32C (89.5F). The favorable temperature is +27C (80.5F);
- The solution should be changed at least once every two weeks;
- In the last two weeks before the harvest, it is better to use a weak solution or clean water. This will eliminate bitterness from the taste of buds;
- The substrate in your pot hydroponic system must always remain moist.;
- Reading our marijuana grow guide is a must.
Here we will not go into specifics of the cultivation process itself, instead, we will reveal how to grow marijuana in general terms. The initial stage of successful cannabis cultivation at home is to select a strain. At Dutch Seeds Shop there is a broad range of varieties for you to grow in your house.
The stages of weed growth are the following from seed to harvest:
- Germination (5-10 days)
- Seedling (2-3 weeks)
- Vegetative (3-16 weeks)
- Flowering (8-11 weeks)
How to Choose Seeds to Grow Cannabis
If you prefer indoor growing, then you better choose compact weed varieties for growing well in a small room or box. If there is an opportunity and desire to plant weed outside (outdoor growing) in cold latitudes, then the best choice would be a strain of pot with a short flowering period.
When choosing cannabis seeds for growing and cultivating marijuana at home, you have to determine their 2 main characteristics:
- The sex of the plants (regular or feminized);
- The flowering type (autoflowering or photoperiod).
Feminized seeds always give birth to female cannabis plants. By the qualities (effect, smell, taste), such plants are significantly superior to regular ones.
Autoflowering strains will bloom faster. They are much easier to cultivate than photoperiod ones.
How to Grow Female Plants When You Have Regular Seeds
Here is how to grow marijuana from regular seeds to female plants in an easy way. The sex of your weed can be changed to the female one by the following factors:
- Humidity — Increased moisture levels will raise the chance of getting females;
- Nitrogen — The soil for females should be generously enriched with nitrogen;
- Temperature — The temperature should be reduced within the permissible temperature range for your particular strain;
- Light — Expose young weed to 16/8 hours of light/darkness and use the blue spectrum raise.
Important tip! Any changes in the environment must be carried out no later than the third pair of leaves appears. The duration of the transformation will be no longer than 3 weeks.
How to Grow Marijuana at Home: Easy Way
Outdoor cultivation of marijuana is easier than the indoor one. Properly prepared soil with simple fertilizers made in advance (manure, vermicompost, etc.), a well-lit area, generous watering, lime acidity adjustment and simple maintenance are what you need to grow weed outdoors. However, if you would like to plant marijuana at home, this is how to grow great plants ever in an easy way.
The properly-organized home growing of marijuana allows you to get year-round flowering and grow wonderful plants that do not depend on any climate changes.
To begin weed cultivation we will need:
- The seeds of those varieties that are suitable for indoor cultivation;
- Soil and special fertilizers chosen according to the strain;
- Containers with drainage holes, saucers, and trays;
- Equipment for creating the desired microclimate (dampness, temperature, ventilation) in a room or grow box;
- Lighting devices (LED lamps are the best).
The first step is the seed germination. The secret of an experienced grower is that weaker plants are removed at the seedling stage.
When organizing the grow space before planting the seeds you need to get lamps. It’s better to use LED lamps. Choose those that have two light modes — violet-blue for better growth, and red for flowering and budding.
How to Grow Marijuana Indoors with Soil
Today, soil for growing weed can be bought at a lot of stores. An excellent option would be peat or humus-based soil mixture with the addition of perlite. Keep the range of pH level around 5.5-6.5. Make sure the soil contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. They are very important nutrients. Smaller amounts of calcium, sulfur, and iron should be present too.
How to grow good marijuana plants with no fertilizer in your home? How easy is it? Is it even feasible? The answer is yes, you can do it, and it’s not too hard if your strain is an autoflower. However, even in this case, you should add fertilizers for bigger yields, unless you are on a tight budget.
For photoperiod cultivars this will not be enough, so be prepared to fertilize during all the stages. Stimulants of growth, root formation and flowering will also not be superfluous. All this can be easily found on specialized websites.
How to Use Light When You Grow Marijuana in Your House
When buying LED grow lights, the instructions should be given to you. But if none provided, then this is how to determine the safe distance to the lamp when you grow indoor marijuana. Put your hand under the lamp. The distance at which the skin on the hand feels comfortably warm is the best. Depending on the model, there will be some difference. On average, the top of a cannabis plant is placed 13″ (33cm) from 1W bulbs and 19″ (47cm) from 3W or 5W bulbs.
If the grow room has low ceilings, then the top can be removed by pinching (trimming) to gradually form a wide crown. Removing the twigs above the 5 pairs of leaves can produce a more branched, stocky plant.
How many hours of light do weed plants need?
Your weed should get at least 16 hours of light during the seedling and vegetative stages.
12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness (with no light at all) are preferable at the flowering stage.
Also, we have a great article about weed grow lights which you can read in our blog.
How to Set Temperature When You Grow Marijuana
The most comfortable temperature range for cannabis is 25 to 30°C (77 to 86℉), though this may vary depending on the genetic makeup and growth behavior of a given strain. Mostly, it is under these conditions that all the vital processes of a plant occur the best way; ie photosynthesis, gas exchange, and absorption of nutrients work as they should. Also, at this temperature, excess dampness evaporates well from the leaves’ surface.
If for some reason you have to keep the temperature only at the extreme values, it is recommended to choose the seeds of cold- or heat-resistant cannabis strains.
- At the seedling stage, the temperatures should be around 20-25°C (68-77°F) when lights are on and around 16-20°C (61-68°F) lights are off.
- Starting at the vegetation period, you should raise the daytime temperature to 25-28°C (72-82°F).
- At the flowering stage, the temperature should be around 25°C (68-77°F) and a few degrees lower 2 weeks before the harvest.
How to Set Humidity Level When You Grow Marijuana
- At the seedling stage, the humidity levels should reach 65-70%.
- Starting at the vegetation period, you can lower humidity levels by 5% weekly.
- At the flowering stage, the humidity levels need to be around 45% and even lower when the end of flowering draws nearer.
A humidity level favorable for weed cultivation in the vegetation period is 40-60%, though it can also be around 30 or 80%, which is obviously less desirable. With low humidity, you should bet on heat-resistant and stress-resistant weed varieties. However, it is worth remembering that during the flowering period a humidity level of 30-50% is considered the norm since it significantly lowers the likelihood of mold infection.
Many people wonder how to start growing marijuana in a high humidity location. If the humidity level cannot be lower than 65%, then you should install a plant blowing fan inside the grow box (a regular household fan will do). It will circulate air and remove excess moisture. You will also need to regularly prune those parts of the plant that interfere with the penetration of air into the depth of your plantation.
How to Neutralize Smell When You Grow Marijuana
Not every guide on how to grow marijuana in your room mentions such an important part of weed cultivation as smell. During the flowering period, marijuana begins to emit a rich aroma that easily penetrates outside a house or apartment. The best way to handle it is to install carbon filters. It is able to completely absorb odor molecules and to release purified air.
A less effective option is to use odor neutralizers, which are sold as a gel or spray. They are suitable in cases where the grower cultivates a small number of plants (no more than 2). Please note that an odor neutralizer and an air freshener are not the same things at all. The former eliminates aroma at the molecular level, the latter simply lies on top of the existing smell, masking it. But this “disguise” does not work in the case of cannabis.
If you want to cultivate weed without the aforementioned methods of odor neutralization, then you should choose low-smelling cannabis strains for growing. During flowering, they emit a less pronounced aroma, which can often be felt only with close physical contact. Are you new to cannabis growing or an experienced marijuana grower? Read our full guide on how to cultivate marijuana in your garden.
What Are the Differences Between Cannabis Grow Mediums?
There are a few different weed growing mediums to choose from, so it’s important to enter into cannabis cultivation fully prepared. All of the techniques discussed below have the potential to bring forth wonderful results if you do it right.
Keep in mind that when choosing to grow outdoors, you will have to consider more kinds of threats that can hinder the successful growth of your plants.
It’s hard to say what the best growing medium for cannabis is because all of them have their strong and weak sides. But there is certainly a growing medium that is best for you, that will suit your needs perfectly.
The variety of mediums for cannabis ranges from soil to complex air structures, so read on to learn more about each one.
Oftentimes, a grow medium isn’t the main factor, whereas getting seeds of high yield cannabis strains can be the key to success (heavy harvests).
1st Growing Medium – Plain Soil
Plain soil is one of the mediums of growing cannabis suitable for beginners, and this is what growers of any type of plant typically go for. For starters, purchase good-quality soil and then keep an eye on proper soil moisture and fertilization.
The reason growing marijuana in plain soil is the most popular choice among growers is that it effectively mimics how the plant would normally grow. Many believe that recreating the natural environment improves the quality of weed. At the very least, it is a far less complicated and artificial technique than any other. Besides, if you don’t want to worry about the soil pH and particular nutrient ratios, you can use composted super soil.
- It is easy and cost-efficient.
- Supply store fertilizers or any other ready-made products will suffice.
- It is a straightforward process with minimal human interference.
- It is suitable for growing any variety of outdoor cannabis seeds.
- Soil affects the quality of the final product. For that reason, weed cultivated in soil allegedly tastes and smells better.
- If you happen to purchase low-grade soil, improper nutrient balance can lead to you losing the entire crop.
- Plain dirt normally produces a lower yield in comparison to other growing techniques.
- Organic materials naturally have pest-active compounds, so they tend to increase the number of pests outdoor marijuana grow will encounter.
- Plants take more time to grow. While using liquid nutrients can offset this drawback, the length of the growing period in this medium is longer.
Compared to other mediums, the soil is not the frontrunner when it comes to growth rates. However, provided you improve the soil with suitable amendments and give your plants plenty of sunlight, the results will not disappoint. It will take one to three months for vegetation (depends on the plant size) and two to three months for flowering.
2nd Growing Medium – Hydroponics
The hydroponics system does not use soil. Instead, the roots are supported by gravel, perlite, clay pebble, vermiculite, or peat moss. The main premise for this plant growth method is to get the roots in direct contact with fertilizers. It should not be an excessive amount in order to retain access to oxygen. The roots grow laterally and have fine white root hairs, which should not be confused with mold.
The specifics for watering and nutrient quantities can be altered depending on what the specific cannabis seeds you have may need. To ensure you have the “bud growing sweet spot”, you will have to maintain a pH range of 5.5-6.3. As the roots absorb the solution, the nutrient strength in the reservoir will change. So, it might take some effort to maintain.
- You can increase the yield without expanding the grow room. In addition to minimal space requirements, plants in hydroponics consume water in an efficient way.
- There aren’t any specific requirements for planting density; it only depends on how much light your set-up gives. In some cases, plants can be stacked up, one on top of another.
- This technique provides an impressive quality of weed.
- Plants take less time to grow because their roots get a lot of oxygen 24/7.
- In a perfect scenario, you will be able to harvest the product up to six times a year.
- It’s not as susceptible to insects, pests, and diseases that emerge and multiply in soil. Therefore, you reduce or completely eliminate the number of pesticides used on the plants.
- The set-up is significantly less messy because there is no dirt involved.
- The initial set-up costs are much higher than the ones for plain soil. You will need much more equipment at the beginning, such as reservoirs to be filled with fertilizer or another nutrient blend. Not to mention, this equipment will cost more to maintain.
- It takes a lot more space to fit the equipment.
- Get prepared to constantly ensure pH and nutrient levels are within reasonable limits.
- It’s not suitable for beginners. The system needs meticulous care, which must be done by a well-informed, experienced grower or at least by a person willing to do a lot of research.
- While plants in hydroponics are safe from soil-borne pests, growers should be cautious about water-borne diseases.
3rd Growing Medium – Aeroponics
Aeroponics systems involve plants being in an air or mist settings. They use no soil or aggregate medium and the plants are nourished by fertilizer being sprayed over the roots. You can use various kinds of materials to execute this concept as well as different types of design, including towers and other vertical approaches. In fact, you can adjust your set-up however you like to fit your space.
However, sometimes the plants will lack the complex flavors that can be found when grown in soil.
- Out of all growing mediums for cannabis, aeroponics provides the largest yields, which don’t take a lot of time to grow. When executed properly, meaning nutrition is applied directly onto the roots, the plants will feel their best and produce large, ripe buds.
- Aeroponic systems are very water-efficient. Some examples require 95% less water than typical soil cultivation.
- The cost for building and maintaining the system will add up to quite a high number.
- Also, similar to cannabis plants grown in hydroponics, you’ll have to maintain particular nutrients and pH balance, which can be a complicated task for beginner growers.
- Growers have to check up on the plants daily.
- Any technical difficulties, such as power outages, broken pumps, blocked nozzles, and no water supply will cause substantial damage. Since the root won’t be able to survive more than an hour without moisture, you have a very limited time frame to fix any issues.
4th Growing Medium – Aquaponics
Aquaponics uses the best of the recirculating aquaculture and traditional hydroponics, using the waste from the first to benefit the second. The technique uses nutrient-rich water from raising fish in tanks to nourish soilless plants; the plants, in turn, cleanse the water by consuming these nutrients. This symbiotic relationship mimics natural ecosystems like ponds and rivers.
The only input you need to provide for an aquaponics system is fish food. Uneaten food and waste are converted by beneficial bacteria into compounds that the plants thrive on. This nitrifying bacteria is the key element and driving force for the hydroponics system.
When this method is combined with controlled environment agriculture, growers will be able to harvest organic clean products year-round. Aquaponics could be of great interest to utilize in cities or in other places, where you can’t rely on outdoor cultivation.
- It doesn’t rely on mined and manufactured fertilizers. In this way, you considerably cut down the expense of fertilizer salts. Also, both cannabis plants and fish will not be treated with any harmful petrochemicals, pesticides or herbicides.
- The method ensures timely yield turn around. Since the roots receive high levels of oxygen, the absorption of nutrients is more efficient and you get increased crop production.
- It is environmentally sustainable due to low water and power usage. Recirculating water leads to needing significantly fewer water resources compared to soil.
- Since there is no soil, it eliminates soil-borne diseases.
- Aquaponics requires bigger upfront costs than any other system discussed. Depending on the size and technological level, the prices will vary. But there is no doubt that pumps and plumbing equipment will require a considerable initial investment.
- Growers not only need to take care of the plants but also the fish, which increases maintenance efforts two-fold. Fish require specific temperatures in tanks. Outside of closely controlled environments, you will need to closely monitor the heating and cooling systems.
- The algae growth can be detrimental to the plants so you will need to ensure cleaning and sterilization.
- It is not a suitable medium for growers who are just getting started.
5th Growing Medium – Coir (Coconut Fiber)
Many growers were on the hunt for something that doesn’t have the problems found in ordinary soil, but that is not as hard to maintain as hydroponics or other alternative mediums. They discovered that coir acts as a great growing medium for cannabis.
Coco coir is manufactured using the byproducts from torn coconut shells. In comparison to most hydroponic mediums, the coir is considered more forgiving; but in some characteristics, it is still inferior to the soil. That is why many growers tend to combine coir with soil to achieve a looser density soil. One of the most efficient mixtures is two-thirds of pure coco coir, with about a third of another medium.
Fertilizing coir will take some hydro growing skills. You will need to apply a light nutrient solution from the beginning. The water pH should be adjusted to pH 6.0, which can be tricky for beginners.
- Coco coir is no harder to use than normal soil. Even though the coir is technically a soilless growing medium, all rules for soil cultivation apply here as well. As a potting medium, it is perfect for growing indoor cannabis seeds of any strain.
- The density is a perfect middle-ground, ensuring the roots don’t get over- or under-watered. It retains just as much moisture in the root area for them to grow successfully. Also, the roots don’t have to reach deep into the soil to access moisture and nutrients, so the process doesn’t drain energy from the plants.
- The lighter texture and the amount of surface area provide better oxygenation, which promotes better and faster root development. This results in a quicker harvest and larger yields.
- The coco coir is eco-friendly for multiple reasons. First, it doesn’t have to be regularly replaced. Second, it is slow to break down so it can be used for multiple grows. Last, by growing weed in coco coir you are essentially recycling material that would have been wasted.
- The plants are not vulnerable to the majority of pests that normally affect the soil cultivation process.
- There are no naturally occurring nutrients in the coco coir. So, you will have to artificially provide fertilizers to the medium so that the plants have something to feed on. However, this can also be said for most soil techniques, with the exception of composted super soil.
- Not every store will have coco fiber in stock.
Choice Between Cannabis Grow Mediums
Realistically, your choice depends on your budget, how much time you can spend on your crops and the growing conditions you can provide. But if you want to put that aside and focus on what the different marijuana growing methods are, here is the rundown.
Organic composted soil makes the best-smelling buds and doesn’t require building complicated systems. Or you can start with a ready-made soil mix and start adding nutrients later on. Soilless mixes, such as coco coir, perlite, vermiculite, etc., are great because the process is similar to maintaining soil and you just provide all the nutrients hydroponically. Depending on your set-up, other hydroponic mediums can be very simple or very complex. Nutrients will be delivered to the plant directly and ensure fast and productive growth.
Don’t be afraid to experiment, based on what your cannabis plants like and respond to, and change things up in the process.
Don’t you think that the Marijuana Plants are magical? We mean to say that it is difficult to imagine how this one single plant holds so many healing components that it just sounds so dreamy in respect to its medicinal uses. All these healing components are called cannabinoids and the most popular ones that people are mainly aware about are THC and CBD.
These Cannabinoids react with your endocannabinoid system to generate results. But Cannabis is not the only plant that can do that. There are many other flowers and plants that produce such components or cannabinoids that can affect your body in the same way, the marijuana does. Ordering high THC weed seeds and getting home-grown potent plants is a popular choice these days.
However, these substances can be divided into three categories:
- Phytocannabinoids: Cannabinoids that are produced by the plants are called Phytocannabinoids and many plants other than cannabis seeds produce these.
- Cannabimimetics: When after consuming, the components of a plant mimic the cannabinoid components then it called Cannabimimetics and they specifically engage to the Endocannabinoid System (ECS).
- Endocannabinoids: The components that are present in your stomach are called the Endocannabinoids.
Several plants that possess Cannabimimetics or Phytocannabinoids are termed and believed to be “Superfoods”.
Plants or Flowers that possess similar chemical components like Marijuana:
- Chinese Rhododendron:
Scientifically known as Rhododendron anthopogonoides, Chinese Rhododendron hail from Southern China. The extracted oil of this plant is considered to be so
powerful that it can kill almost anything, right from an infection to Cancer cells.
According to a study from the Nihon University, Japan, these flowers have folic acids that act just like the Cannabinoids of Marijuana. The extract also has other components like triterpenes, tannins and several flavonoids.
- Coneflower (ECHINACEA):
A flower that has the same power as the marijuana plant to heal the same kind of problems is the Coneflower or Echinacea. It is a very well known medicinal plant and is often used to fight with common cold. It is also used to mitigate the pain from Arthritis and Migraines.
But what is Coneflower (Echinacea)? Coneflower has Cannabimimetics i.e., it is not a cannabinoid but mimics the properties of it when consumed.
- Black Truffles (Tuber Melanosporum):
Guess what? Truffles are considered to be older (biologically) than Cannabis. They react with the CB1 receptors and releases a molecular bliss when consumed. Italian researchers made a discovery recently that Black Truffles produce the same kind of feeling and anandamide as Cacao.
- Electric Daisy (Acmella Oleracea):
Best known as the “toothache plant”, Electric Daisies are from Amazon. They are mostly used as a ground for strong painkiller gels. The Cambridge University had conducted formal trials in which it was found that Electric Daisy’s plant can actually block the nerve ending pain receptors as it has properties like Cannabinoids which are called the N-isobutylamides.
The reactions are so strong that these Daisies are now considered to be a base for a new type of drug for dental purpose.
- Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum):
Though not being as powerful as Cannabinoids, it surely acts like one in our human body. It has anti-inflammatory compounds. Due to more studies, it has become evident that Black Pepper can help to increase the efficiency of various types of treatment drugs for Cancer.
- Helichrysum Umbraculigerum:
With a name that is hard to pronounce and super heard to spell, Helichrysum Umbraculigerum belongs to the family of daisies from South Africa that has same properties like Cannabigerol (CBG), a lesser known Cannabinoid. It can be used to alter mood and to treat depression.
- Theobroma Cacao (Chocolate):
Food of Gods- Theobroma Cacao is a well known superfood. Chocolates that are made out of Cacao is said to elevate anyone’s mood. It has many “happy brain” compounds that include theobromine, phenylethylamine, tryptophan and anandamide (the bliss molecule). Try eating a chocolate before you smoke, it will only intensify your high.
Chocolate is not psychoactive but it definitely creates a potent effect on our body.
- Liverwort (Radula Marginata):
Native of New Zealand, Liverwort is full of perrottetinenic acid and its chemical reaction is very much similar to THC, working well with the CB1 receptor. Non-psychoactive in nature, it used as a natural cure to treat bronchitis, gallbladder and bladder issues.
- Piper Methysticum (Kava):
A drink made from the leaves of a plant called Piper Methysticum is Kava. It is a native of the Pacific Island and people have been using it as a natural medicine for a long time. It is gradually gaining popularity in the West.
The tea of these leaves or Kava is said to have mild sedatives that can help in easing chronic pain and anxiety. This is due to the chemical compound called the Kavalactones that bind with CB1 receptors.
Cannabis seeds are sold to customers over the age of 18 and are sold strictly for souvenirs or storage purposes only. The cultivation and germination of cannabis seeds is illegal in most countries. We advise customers to check the laws in their country before ordering.
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