The growing of cannabis has emerged as a complete science. The final root zone gives the idea of the growth success rate of the plant. If you notice that the plant has big roots then it indicates that the fruits will also be big. This difference in the root zone is what differentiates a high quality yield from a deficient one. This stark difference is clearly noticed when you understand how commercial farming of cannabis works. They use hydrophonic systems to augment the plant weight and the overall yield. Let us now get an idea about the various types of cannabis roots.
- Tap root is the first root to emerge from the germinating seed. This root behaves like an anchor and pushes the seed to grow downwards within the soil. It gives rise to the main root and also root hairs. The tap root size will determine the amount of the hormones that will be produced like growth hormone, auxin etc. The number of roots that will arise from the main tap root will depend on the size of the pot in which it is planted.
- The second part is the fibrous root which emerge directly from the tap root sides. These will form a network of root hairs and will grow horizontally in the soil or the growing medium. There are some roots that tend to absorb the moisture only from the top of the soil medium. They do so from whatever resources are available around them.
- The third type of root is the adventitious roots which grow from the plant when it reaches above the soil or its growth medium. These can be identified as the whitish stubs that are formed just a few inches above the growing surface from the stem itself. One technique that is popular these days is implanting the seedling plant into the main growing area a few inches above the level of the soil. This helps in forming a stronger network of roots.
Basics About Cannabis Roots
The root hairs are very tiny and they remain moist most of the time. When they come into contact with air they prune themselves and split into two parts. If you are able to form a network of roots which are pruning themselves continuously, then you will be able to achieve the exact root zone and maximize the yield per plant. Generally roots tend to grow sideways and are more bent towards the light sources. But once it splits, then the root turns back and begins its growth in search of the maximum medium available to it. This same procedure when repeatedly multiple times leads to the formation of a spider web of roots beneath the soil. If you want to augment your root area, then simply pick up the root ball that has been formed and cut base into four pieces. Now break the rest of the roots by hand. This will ensure that the roots grow freely in a new direction within the soil or growing medium.
Enzymes And Healthy Bacteria
The health of these roots can be maintained by using enzymes which play a vital role by digesting and eating away the old lump of root matter. This is also food for the plants. In order to function to their optimum level, enzymes need the correct pH and heat to activate and thrive.
There are many healthy bacteria that host themselves within the root zone. They use oxygen and break down the organic matter by working in harmony with the cannabis plant. Once these bacteria have converted the food into microelements, the plants feeding ability reaches a peak and it utilizes all the nutrients very efficiently.
Some kind of plant deficiencies can be caused if the root zone does not function properly. Always try to use a growth medium that has high air holding capacity when it is dry and also high water retention capacity when wet. The best type is a mix of coco and perlite. Additional items are worm casting and bat Guano which has a huge amount of plant microbes within it. Molassess when added to the plants will help them to convert the sugars into energy which is used up by the plant.
If all these guidelines are followed, you are sure to have a healthy crop. Lastly remember to flush your roots when the leaves of the plant begin changing colors.